Eye Proptosis in Dogs

The Canine Eye



Image Credit: Wiki

Dogs have a complete visual field of 250 degrees. They can see well at night and also have good depth perception. A dog’s eye is spherical, and is set in bony sockets which is protected by a layer of fat. The canine eye is placed in the front of the face which allows for a dog’s field of vision to overlap. The frontal placement also allows for a dog to judge depth and notice detail in his environment.

Cornea, Retina, Iris, Sclera, Conjunctiva & Pupil

The cornea is the transparent outer coating of the eye. Covering the cornea is the sclera, which is a white area of connective tissue. This supports the eyeball. Covering the sclera is the conjunctiva, a pinkish membrane. This contains the blood vessels and nerve endings. The pupil is the central opening of the iris. This is where light enters the back part of the eye. The iris is right behind the cornea. This is circular and pigmented and widens and narrows so as to regulate the amount of light that enters the eye. The iris also gives the eye its color. The retina contains plenty of rod cells to detect light. It also has a lesser amount of cone cells that allows the eye to distinguish color. The retina converts incoming light rays into electrical impulses and sends them to the brain through the optic nerve. The brain then translates all the electrical impulses into visual images.

Eyelids, Tears & Third Membrane

The eyelids support the front of a dog’s eye. All dogs have a third eyelid called the nictitating membrane. This is found at the corner of the eye. This membrane usually stays retracted, although it sometimes covers the eye for protection if need be. In this case the eye will look as if it has rolled back into the dog’s head. Tears keep the cornea moist and also make immune substances to help fight infections.

Proptosis in Dogs

This occurs when the eyeball is partially or entirely out of its orbit.

Dog Breeds Most Prone

All dog breeds that have protruding eyes with short muzzles and noses. These dogs have  flat and wide skull shapes, and are known as brachycephalic dogs.

Boston Terrier


French Bulldog

Lhasa Apso





What To Do If Your Dog’s Eye Becomes Displaced



Your dog needs to visit the emergency vet RIGHT AWAY.

Apply a saline solution to a sterile gauze and cover the eye so that the eye does not dry up. You can apply a contact lens solution to the gauze.

Call your vet prior to leaving to let them know that you’re arriving and explain your situation. That said, they will be ready for your dog.

Keep in mind that your dog will be in terrible pain and under stress.


Symptoms of Eye Proptosis in Dogs

One or both eyes are out of the orbit

The eye is bloody and bulging

Eye tissue is swollen and red

Torn or severed eye muscle or ligaments

Cornea is misty colored

Your dog cannot blink or close his eye(s)

Pupils are constricted

Dog may be in shock and have other injuries


How is Eye Proptosis Caused in Dogs?

Another larger dog may have applied pressure to the dog’s skull while playing or fighting

Dog was injured by a car

Dog was hit

Dog accidentally crashes into something

Choking by use of the choke collar

How Vets Diagnose Proptosis

If you’re visiting a new veterinary clinic in an emergency situation, let them know which medications your dog is currently on and what health conditions he may have.

Your dog will need to be stabilized and assessed by the veterinarian on call.

An IV will most likely be administered  and your dog will undergo skull and chest X-rays together with a complete blood count. The vet will also do a serum chemistry panel. All these tests will help to show the condition of the injured dog like how much blood he’s lost, as well as organ function.

After all this is done, your vet will do an ophthalmic evaluation.

What Happens During Treatment?

If your dog has torn extra ocular torn eye muscles or optic nerve muscles, your vet will suggest enucleation of the eye. In this case, the eyeball is removed and the outer parts of the eyelids are sutured closed.

Nonetheless, if your vet feels that your dog may have a chance to see again, he will suggest re-attaching the globe and performing a temporary tarsorrhaphy. In this case the eyelids will be partially stitched together for around three weeks. This is done to protect the cornea. All these procedures are done under general anesthesia.


Most dogs that have undergone enucleation of their eye have a fair chance of good recovery. Nonetheless, even after having had this surgery, proptosis can happen once again. Your dog will be put on pain meds and antibiotics. You will have to bring in for follow- up visits. It is vital that all post- op instructions are followed.

Dogs that have undergone tarsorrhaphy will be prescribed topical and oral antibiotics, atropine, pain meds and atropine. The use of an E-collar will help to prevent your dog from hurting himself.

Long Term Prognosis

20-40% of dogs will regain their vision.

Proptosis may occur again.

Complications such as blindness, corneal ulceration, keratitis and glaucoma may occur after surgery.

Follow-up visits are of vital importance so that your dog’s progress can be monitored.

It is highly recommended to carry pet insurance since this type of surgery can be costly.


Pet Insurance

Pet Plan


Pets Best

Pet Premium

Healthy Paws


Pet First



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On March 8, 2012. the second litter of dingo pups were born at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo.



Dingo pups act very much like other pups.They chew on everything from shoes to tree branches and also enjoy puppy food.


The parents Mattie and Naya were first brought to the zoo from Australia in 1988 and are among the only 75 pairs of pure dingoes in the world.





The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists this species as a threatened species, however many people are becoming interested in this breed and are trying to protect them.




Dingoes howl and do not bark.

Want to find out if a dingo is purebred,watch out for  white markings on the tip of their tails and feet. Dingoes always have white feet and a white tail tip.


Interestingly enough, dingoes have no body odor and no bark. They howl.


Dingoes have the widest cheekbones, whilst a dog’s body is usually its shoulders and hips.


Dingoes have wrists that are capable of rotation.This allows for he dingo to use his paws like hands.


A dingo can turn his head almost 180 degrees in each direction.


Dingoes have ears that always stand up.


Australian dingoes are larger than Thai dingoes.


Male dingoes weigh in at 26-43 pounds whilst the females weigh approximately between 21-35 pounds.


Domesticated dingoes in Australia can live for as long as 15 years or more.


Domestication of this wonderful species is difficult because the dingo is harder to train than the domesticated dog and is very smart.


They love to hide their food under dirt only to dig it up later.


Dingos enjoy small reptiles,birds, rodents and sometimes sheep and small kangaroos.


Breeding is once a year and Australia’s dingoes mate in Autumn.Gestation lasts for two months and dingoes produce one litter of pups each year.Sometimes a litter can have as many as ten pups, however the average is 5 to 6.Sadly enough the Alpha female dingo will kill any pups that are born to other dingoes in a dingo pack.Pups are weaned at the same time as domesticated dogs-eight weeks and much of their food is regurgitated meat.

Claudia Bensimoun

Copyright 2012







This is a unique concept but one that seems to work .A battle to save every homeless cat and dog in the US. What makes it so special is that these animals are not being saved from the streets or abusive homes, but from the US. animal shelter system.

Most animal shelters create depression and anxiety in animals .Dogs and cats are warehoused in cages in either very crowded or isolated conditions.

Shelter Revolution foresees a clear solution to ending this and has  formulated a new model that is based on human day cares and dog day care centers.This wonderful Adoption model  allows animals to live in a natural communal setting and have lots of play time and fun.

How does Shelter Revolution do this?

Dogs and cats are separated by size and personality(I love this) and they live in a dorm- like setting with an outside play area for socializing and exercise.Thomas Cole, the founder of Shelter Revolution does not promote animal hoarding.Cats have a separate sanctuary. All animals would have a medical center for when they are ill, a quarantine center for new arrivals ,spay and neuter and rehabilitation.This model would rely on volunteers to socialize and train dogs so that they are easier to adopt.This is open to all rescue groups to volunteer help.With the average cost running at $ 1.3 million to start an adoption center, Shelter Revolution’s website shows communities how to start a Shelter Revolution.


Killing is not an option.

Rehab and rehoming animals is the goal.

What does Shelter Revolution offer?

They offer more than a dozen privately owned shelters and sanctuaries where this day care concept  proves to be working.

Research shows that stimulating environments that provide play, stimuli and security promote calm, balanced cats and dogs that are easier to adopt.

Claudia Bensimoun

Canine freelance

© Copyright 2012





Often called the Cuban Mastiff or Cuban Dogo, this is now an extinct breed .


An extremely handsome breed that was a type of Bull Mastiff bred in Cuba.



Initially bred to catch runaway slaves but with the abolition of the slave trade, the Dogo Cubano became too expensive to feed resulting in the extinction of this breed.They were also used for dog fighting.





Larger than the bulldog but smaller than the Mastiff.

The Cuban Mastiff had a mostly white coat .

Weighed nearly 100 pounds, and closely resembled the Argentinean Mastiff.

Stocky in build-typical Mastiff


Short muzzle




The Cuban Mastiff was introduced from England in about 1560.


This dog was crossed with many other breeds such as the Pit Bull and Dogo Argentinos and many experts agree that there are no pure lines of the Dogo Cubano.                                                                       



© Copyright 2012







 Image Credit: Wiki


These dogs were first seen in the UK and are from the terrier family of dogs.

The Paisley Terrier is now an extinct breed.

They originated from Scotland and were given the name Paisley because of the place they were bred in.They look similar to the Yorky and had long ,silky coats that reached the floor.They had long ears and a small head.These terriers could not be left alone for many hours and if they did, they became depressed and aggressive.Paisley terriers made great show dogs and were small and short weighing in at half the weight of Skye terriers.

Always considered to be the ideal pet for women, these terriers needed a lot of attention and could bark endlessly if bored or angry.

Grooming was always an issue as it often took many hours to groom a Paisley terrier.They needed frequent bathing and  coat trimming and their coats needed to be blow tried to avoid tangling.Paisley’s had wonderful flowing coats that reached the ground so that you could not see their legs.They  normally had a tan or  blue color and lots of feathering in their coats.

These terriers were ideal as house dogs and enjoyed being part of a family..

Fun Fact

Paisley terriers became extinct because of their grooming requirements.

Image Credit: Wiki



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Woofs & Wags!



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Copyright © 2015 Claudia Bensimoun



Non-surgical sterilization method for dogs that is inexpensive and less invasive than normal surgery.

What is zinc chemical neutering?

Zinc Gluconate is made by Ark Sciences ,a company that has been researching and producing  veterinary pharmaceuticals since 2007.

Compound of zinc gluconate and arginine

What does this compound do?

Zinc gluconate destroys sperm- producing cells without impacting hormone levels in a large way.

Why is this product super wonderful?

Much cheaper

Less invasive than neutering

Approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in dogs between the ages of three and ten months old.Approval for older dogs is still pending.

What do dog parents and shelters achieve by using this product ?

1. Sterilization certificate and a rabies tag for a collar confirming the dog/cat’s neutered status.

2.Cheap, effective neutering for all male dogs that is cost effective and a great alternative to the surgical way.

3.Few adverse  effects and many of the first dogs that tried zinc are still living and healthy.

4. Effectiveness of zinc gluconate-Neutersol- is 100%.

5. Process only takes a few minutes and is virtually painless.

6. Veterinarians like this process because chemical sterilization allows for normal endocrine function of the testes, although the testosterone production is halved.

Overall ‘zeutering’ or zinc gluconate and arginine for dogs is invaluable for all animal shelters and rescue groups.In my opinion this is the solution for preventing irresponsible breeding and a cost effective way for all shelters and rescue groups to operate.

Claudia Bensimoun

Canine freelance

© Copyright 2012



This wonderful dog breed was considered to be the ancestor to today’s Mastiff-type dogs and many of the other breeds.

Mastiff type breeds are often called Molossers.

This breed is one of the best known breeds from Greek- Roman times and it is believed that many breeds such as the St.Bernard, Great Pyrenees, Rottweiler, Great Dane, Newfoundland ,Great Swiss Mountain Dog and Bernese Mountain Dog.

Many scholars described this dog as a fighting dog used by ancient Greeks.


Wide, short  broad muzzle

Heavy dewlap-similar to modern mastiff that was used to fight lions and tigers,elephants and men in battle.

Not very tall

Muscular tough body-similar to mastiff today

Ferocious, aggressive and protective

Superior physical strength

Superior abilities

Agile warriors

Not used as house dogs or for companionship

Short haired coat

Easy to groom

Adaptable to a changing weather conditions

Preferred breed to guard sheep and houses of ancient Greeks

Other scholars argue that the Molossus was originally a lightweight dog used for hunting and herding and had physical characteristics that were more similar to

Greyhounds and maybe the Catahoula Leopard Dog.


The mountains of north west Ancient Greece and southern Albania.

This breed was a native to Greece and the rest of the Balkans.

Later moved on to Italy and other places of the Greek world .

Claudia Bensimoun

Canine and wildlife freelance

© Copyright 2012