Always consult with a veterinarian to see which vaccine your pup may need first.Most pet parents agree at this time that pups should receive DHPPs- distemper, hepatic, parainfluenza and parvovirus every 3 to four weeks.This should start as early as 6-8 weeks of age, and usually ends at around 14-16 weeks of age.The DHPP needs to be re-administered to your puppy when he’s one year of age, and then again every three years.It is now recommended that older dogs should be vaccinated every three years.Because puppies get lots of initial pup vaccines while they still have their mother’s antibodies , this kills the disease in the vaccine and does not allow the puppy to form its own immunity.
Parvovirus (MLV) Core High > 1 year Low
CAV-2 (MLV) for Hepatitis Core High > 1 year Low Only use canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) vaccines, not CAV-1; also protects against respiratory disease caused by CAV-2
Rabies Core High Dependent upon type of vaccine Low to moderate.
Parainfluenza Noncore Intranasal MLV – Moderate Injectable MLV – Low Moderate Low Only recommended for dogs in kennels, shelters, shows, or those exposed to large numbers of other dogs.
Bordetella Noncore Intranasal MLV – Moderate Injectable MLV – Low Short Low Vaccinate within 6 months of exposure to large numbers of dogs (boarding, shows, etc.)
Leptospirosis Noncore Variable Short High Up to 30% of dogs may not respond to vaccine
Lyme Noncore Appears to be limited to previously unexposed dogs; variable Revaccinate annually just prior to tick season Moderate .
Coronavirus Noncore Low Short Low Generally not recommended.
Giardia Noncore Low Unknown Low Does not prevent infection but may reduce risk of transmission to others
MLV= modified live vaccine
Recommended Puppy Vaccination Schedule:
Dog/Puppy Vaccination Schedule
5 weeks Parvovirus: for puppies at high risk of exposure to parvo, some veterinarians recommend vaccinating at 5 weeks.
6 & 9 weeks Combination vaccine* without leptospirosis.
12 weeks or older Rabies: Given by vet. (age at vaccination will vary according to local law).
12 & 15 weeks** A combination vaccine
Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs. Check with vet.
Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs.
Adult (boosters)§ Combination vaccine . Check with vet again.
Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (time interval between vaccinations may vary according to local law).Check with vet.
A combination vaccine- 5-way vaccine, usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza, and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus. The addition of either canine adenovirus-1 or adenovirus-2 in a vaccine will protect against both adenovirus cough and hepatitis; adenovirus-2 is highly preferred.
According to the AVMA and AAHA, canines at low risk of disease exposure may not need to be boostered yearly for most diseases.