Puppy Vaccination Schedule

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Always consult with a veterinarian to see which vaccine your pup may need first.Most pet parents agree at this time that pups should receive DHPPs- distemper, hepatic, parainfluenza and parvovirus every 3 to four weeks.This should start as early as 6-8 weeks of age, and usually ends at around 14-16 weeks of age.The DHPP  needs to be re-administered  to your puppy when he’s one year of age, and then again every three years.It is now recommended that older dogs should be vaccinated every three years.Because puppies get lots of initial pup vaccines while they still have their mother’s antibodies , this kills the disease in the vaccine and does not allow the puppy to form its own immunity.


Parvovirus (MLV) Core High > 1 year Low

CAV-2 (MLV) for Hepatitis Core High > 1 year Low Only use canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) vaccines, not CAV-1; also protects against respiratory disease caused by CAV-2

Rabies Core High Dependent upon type of vaccine Low to moderate.
Parainfluenza Noncore Intranasal MLV – Moderate Injectable MLV – Low Moderate Low Only recommended for dogs in kennels, shelters, shows, or those exposed to large numbers of other dogs.

Bordetella Noncore Intranasal MLV – Moderate Injectable MLV – Low Short Low Vaccinate within 6 months of exposure to large numbers of dogs (boarding, shows, etc.)

Leptospirosis Noncore Variable Short High Up to 30% of dogs may not respond to vaccine
Lyme Noncore Appears to be limited to previously unexposed dogs; variable Revaccinate annually just prior to tick season Moderate .
Coronavirus Noncore Low Short Low Generally not recommended.

Giardia Noncore Low Unknown Low Does not prevent infection but may reduce risk of transmission to others
MLV= modified live vaccine


Recommended Puppy Vaccination Schedule:
Dog/Puppy Vaccination Schedule
Age Vaccination
5 weeks Parvovirus: for puppies at high risk of exposure to parvo, some veterinarians recommend vaccinating at 5 weeks.
6 & 9 weeks Combination vaccine* without leptospirosis.
12 weeks or older Rabies: Given by vet. (age at vaccination will vary according to local law).
12 & 15 weeks** A combination vaccine
Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs. Check with vet.
Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs.
Adult (boosters)§ Combination vaccine . Check with vet again.
Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (time interval between vaccinations may vary according to local law).Check with vet.


A combination vaccine- 5-way vaccine, usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza, and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus. The addition of either canine adenovirus-1 or adenovirus-2 in a vaccine will protect against both adenovirus cough and hepatitis; adenovirus-2 is highly preferred.

According to the AVMA and AAHA, canines at low risk of disease exposure may not need to be boostered yearly for most diseases.


Humane Society of the United States  


The Pet Fund


The Big Heart’s Fund


Canine Cancer Awareness


Top Dog Foundation for Senior Dogs



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Off Leash Fun

All dogs need exercise, but they also need off leash playtime and freedom.


Off Leash Tips For Your Dog


  • Your dog needs to understand the “come command” before you can let him go off the leash and expect him to come back when called.
  • Train your puppy at the dog park, provided it’s safe.
  • Used only the fenced-in areas until Fido understands the “come “command.
  • Letting your dog run off leash at least a couple of times a week helps him to de-stress and keep him fit.
  • He can enjoy the dog park at his own pace and possibly make some good friends.
  • Off leash serves well to let your dog exercise aerobically.
  • Running and playing with other dogs when off leash burns off plenty of calories and keeps your dog fit.
  • He’ll be a much happier dog around the house and around other people and dogs.

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Claudia Bensimoun

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Gray Wolf. Canis Lupus


Photo Credit: Wikipedia.org        Yellowstone Gray Wolf


The wolf is the largest member of the canine family.Gray wolves will range in color from grey, black to all-white in color.

The most important behavioral condition for the survival of wolves in the wild is bonding.Bonding between animals is thought of as the attraction towards members of the same species, which can manifest itself in numerous behaviors.

The emotional state in bonding is developed in youth, which is done during a short period of socialization.Wolf pups that are no older than three weeks old are already drawn towards their parents, and to other members in their pack.If these wolf pups are prevented from playing and bonding, they will develop symptoms of stress. Stress factors will only be reduced when reunited with their pack.

Wolves that are in captivity also have the potential to bond with dogs , and even humans.Wolf pups are able to bond with humans most strongly when they have been taken from their mothers before their eyes have opened, and also when they are cared for exclusively by humans.

When out in the wild, pups meet adult members of their pack on the twentieth day of their lives, when their tendency to bond is strongest.Wolf pups leave their den when they are around 8 to 10 weeks old.After that their need to bond diminishes very quickly.Wolf pups bond not only with the adults in their pack, but also with the other wolf pups.They are strongly attached to their litter mates, and spend plenty of time playing with them.

At seven months they start accompanying their pack, and after that time they are less likely to form social bonds and friendships with unknown wolves, unless they have spent plenty of time with that wolf.The courtship period between wolves is very long, on occasion taking longer than a year.The time that passes after the formation of the wolf “couple”, and the onset of sexual relationships takes even longer. The bonding of wolf couples is very strong, and generally tends to last for a few years.

Pack members will bond most with the strongest male and female in the pack.This would be the alpha male and alpha female.Other members of the wolf pack are also named by the letters of the Greek alphabet.The other male members of the wolf pack will bond with similar ranked beta males.Those wolves ranked at the bottom will tend to bond less with each other, nonetheless they are very friendly with the pups, and will try to build relationships with other wolf strangers.

Bonding results with the alpha male nurturing his relationship with every single member of his wolf pack.The alpha individual, and many times the other members of the wolf pack will sometimes attack an outside wolf.Captive wolves that have been kenneled will tend to behave in a threatening way towards strange humans that they do not know.

Bonding is what allows for the communal movement and cooperation of the wolf pack during the hunt.

Behavioral Signs of Bonding

1.Various signs of body contact.

2.Playful and subordinated behavior of the lower ranked wolves.

3.Adult wolves are always willing to play.

4.If they are busy hunting or resting,the other pack members will shape their bonding through playful behavior.

5.Adult wolves will always play with those wolves that are close to them in rank.

6.Lower ranked wolves play more often.

7.Invitations for play is similar among dogs-the individual dog will lower his forelegs to the ground. Often , this invitation to play is initiated by an aggressive chase.

8.The wolf that has been invited to play will place his tail between his legs, extend his ears backwards, and will try to escape quickly, acting as if he were being attacked.Yet, if this wolf were being truly attacked, he would have run in a straight line, not in a curved arc.When this wolf returns to play, the pursued becomes the pursuer, and this chase game will continue for a while, with roles alternating between the two wolves.

Behavioral Elements Between Wolves

During the chase game between wolves, many behavioral elements appear that are characteristic of play. These elements of play all get mixed together when wolves play.The whole act of play between wolves is relaxed and the final act of the kill, is left out.

Bonding is crucial ,and is the basis for the cooperation of the pack. When the pack surrounds a prey, each single wolf will remain equidistant from wolves on either side.Once they begin the attack, it will be initiated by the alpha male, with the rest of the pack acting in unison and with intelligence.

Pups start sleeping alone at  4 weeks of age.Wolves are characterized by xenophobia-fear of strangers. At three months of age, when approached by a “new” wolf, the wolf pup will be anxious. At five months of age, this wolf will be afraid of the “new” wolf.

Waltz For The Wolves June 14, 2014- Wolf Sanctuary

Defenders of Gray Wolf

National Wildlife Federation

Yellowstone National Park Wolves


If Dogs Could Talk-Vilmos Csanyi


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Australian Koolie Dog or German Koolie Dog

687_750Photo Credit : Royalla Downs Koolies

Origin: Australia

History: The Australian Koolie or Coolie comes from Australia and is a herding dog.This breed has existed in Australia since the 19th century and was bred from British working dogs.

There are many variations in this breed, since Koolies were bred to show different characteristics in different regions of Australia.The Koolie Club of Australia describes this breed on its ability to work instead of its confirmation.Nonetheless, most breeders will define the Koolie as a breed of dog, rather than a type of dog.The Koolie is known as a ‘herding’ breed, which means that it can circle widely around sheep and cattle and bring them back.Koolies are used for ‘herding’ sheep and are known to bring them back by ‘herding’ from behind and around cattle.These dogs herd quietly from behind, and are quiet and careful dogs when it comes to lambing season .

Video Credit: Corkadoll


The Koolie is often confused with the Kelpie, and there are a few bi-colored Koolies that have been mistakenly regarded as Border Collies by the general public.Breeders can tell the difference right away.Nonethless, all of these breeds do share the Collie ancestory, and they do share a strong resemblance.

Colors:Solid such as black or red or chocolate which would include the merle coloring.

Bi- which would include black & white or red & white.

Tri- which would include solid red or black, with white markings.Sometimes these markings will be brown.

Tri Merle- which would be the same as above description.

Merle-this would be grey, black,red/chocolate or with a white undercoat that has large amounts of darker colorings which would include red/chocolate for red merle and black, grey for blue merles.

Black Koolies will have a black nose and black eyes, sometimes even tones of blue.Red or chocolate koolies will have a red or brown nose with brown eyes, sometimes with a blue eye.Black koolies may also carry diluted colors of gun metal or slate.

Height: 16-24 inches



The Koolie has all the qualities looked for in a working and herding dog.This breed is not shy or reserved although often  mistaken as timid.The Koolie is an intelligent breed that needs  training and plenty of understanding.This breed is a devoted breed that is patient and dedicated to his owner.The Koolie is not aggressive ,but is sometimes dominant.They are enthusiastic about agility, herding and their work in general.

In the absence of cattle, the Koolie will try to herd family and children.When herding cattle they can shift their eyes from the cattle and focus on other things.


Black Koolie


Photo Credit: Wiki Solid Tri-USA Import

220px-Pete_may01_webPhoto Credits: Wiki  Short-Coated Blue Merle260px-Gundy_&_Hereford  Photo Credit Wiki: Short Coated Red Merle

Activity Level: High

Special Needs:

Koolies live to be around 18 years.They have a diverse gene pool, so this breed is not prone to the many genetic problems that other breeds face.Nonetheless, puppies from the merle  can be prone to blindness.Breeders need to breed merles to solids, to prevent blindness.

 Koolie Club of  Australia

Koolie Rescue Australia


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Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog. Australian Dog Breeds. Dingo Breed.Breed Without A Tail.




Photo Credit: Wikipedia


Origin: Australia

Group: Herding,UKC


This breed is rare in the US, but not in Australia.In 1988, the Australian National Kennel Council opened up a ‘development’ register for this great breed, fearing that the purebred form of the ‘Stumpie’ could become extinct.

History: Often confused with the Australian Cattle Dog, the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a cross between a dingo and the Smithfield, which was the first cattle dog used by the Australian cattle ranchers. No one knows how much dingo is in this cattle dog.The first cross between the two resulted in the Timmins Biter, which in turn was bred with the blue-merle, smooth -coated Collie.It does not have any Australian Kelpie cross, which is found in the Australian Cattle Dog.

Description: The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is taller than the Australian Cattle Dog with a square profile, and does not have a tail. The ‘Stumpie’ has a rugged, almost handsome appearance.This breed is muscular , carrying a broad head .The Stumpy Tail Cattle dog has small prick ears and a deep chest.The tail is no longer than a 4 inch bob.They have a double undercoat with a soft undercoat and a short, straight outer coat with a neck ruff.This breed will carry a blue coat, or  have a blue mottled coat with or without black markings.They can also have red markings with a red coat.


Height: 17-20 inches

Weight: No standard is currently available

Temperament:The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog enjoys hard work and having a job to do.This breed has endurance and lots of energy.They are a one -person dog and are by nature a bit shy, yet not unfriendly or aggressive.Courageous and loyal with plenty of integrity.

Activity: High

The ‘Stumpie’ needs to spend plenty of time outdoors, especially on a farm or ranch, and thrives with an active lifestyle.

Needs:Positive Training, herding,socialization

Health Concerns: Cleft palate,spina bifida, and some vertebral health problems.





Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog UKC

Australian National Kennel Council


Dog Club of New South Wales





© Copyright 2014