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History: The Australian Koolie or Coolie comes from Australia and is a herding dog.This breed has existed in Australia since the 19th century and was bred from British working dogs.
There are many variations in this breed, since Koolies were bred to show different characteristics in different regions of Australia.The Koolie Club of Australia describes this breed on its ability to work instead of its confirmation.Nonetheless, most breeders will define the Koolie as a breed of dog, rather than a type of dog.The Koolie is known as a ‘herding’ breed, which means that it can circle widely around sheep and cattle and bring them back.Koolies are used for ‘herding’ sheep and are known to bring them back by ‘herding’ from behind and around cattle.These dogs herd quietly from behind, and are quiet and careful dogs when it comes to lambing season .
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The Koolie is often confused with the Kelpie, and there are a few bi-colored Koolies that have been mistakenly regarded as Border Collies by the general public.Breeders can tell the difference right away.Nonethless, all of these breeds do share the Collie ancestory, and they do share a strong resemblance.
Colors:Solid such as black or red or chocolate which would include the merle coloring.
Bi- which would include black & white or red & white.
Tri- which would include solid red or black, with white markings.Sometimes these markings will be brown.
Tri Merle- which would be the same as above description.
Merle-this would be grey, black,red/chocolate or with a white undercoat that has large amounts of darker colorings which would include red/chocolate for red merle and black, grey for blue merles.
Black Koolies will have a black nose and black eyes, sometimes even tones of blue.Red or chocolate koolies will have a red or brown nose with brown eyes, sometimes with a blue eye.Black koolies may also carry diluted colors of gun metal or slate.
Height: 16-24 inches
The Koolie has all the qualities looked for in a working and herding dog.This breed is not shy or reserved although often mistaken as timid.The Koolie is an intelligent breed that needs training and plenty of understanding.This breed is a devoted breed that is patient and dedicated to his owner.The Koolie is not aggressive ,but is sometimes dominant.They are enthusiastic about agility, herding and their work in general.
In the absence of cattle, the Koolie will try to herd family and children.When herding cattle they can shift their eyes from the cattle and focus on other things.
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Activity Level: High
Koolies live to be around 18 years.They have a diverse gene pool, so this breed is not prone to the many genetic problems that other breeds face.Nonetheless, puppies from the merle can be prone to blindness.Breeders need to breed merles to solids, to prevent blindness.
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Photo Credit: Wikipedia
This breed is rare in the US, but not in Australia.In 1988, the Australian National Kennel Council opened up a ‘development’ register for this great breed, fearing that the purebred form of the ‘Stumpie’ could become extinct.
History: Often confused with the Australian Cattle Dog, the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a cross between a dingo and the Smithfield, which was the first cattle dog used by the Australian cattle ranchers. No one knows how much dingo is in this cattle dog.The first cross between the two resulted in the Timmins Biter, which in turn was bred with the blue-merle, smooth -coated Collie.It does not have any Australian Kelpie cross, which is found in the Australian Cattle Dog.
Description: The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is taller than the Australian Cattle Dog with a square profile, and does not have a tail. The ‘Stumpie’ has a rugged, almost handsome appearance.This breed is muscular , carrying a broad head .The Stumpy Tail Cattle dog has small prick ears and a deep chest.The tail is no longer than a 4 inch bob.They have a double undercoat with a soft undercoat and a short, straight outer coat with a neck ruff.This breed will carry a blue coat, or have a blue mottled coat with or without black markings.They can also have red markings with a red coat.
Height: 17-20 inches
Weight: No standard is currently available
Temperament:The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog enjoys hard work and having a job to do.This breed has endurance and lots of energy.They are a one -person dog and are by nature a bit shy, yet not unfriendly or aggressive.Courageous and loyal with plenty of integrity.
The ‘Stumpie’ needs to spend plenty of time outdoors, especially on a farm or ranch, and thrives with an active lifestyle.
Needs:Positive Training, herding,socialization
Health Concerns: Cleft palate,spina bifida, and some vertebral health problems.
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Country of Origin:Wales
History:The Sealyham Terrier was bred to hunt otter, fox and badger on the Sealyham Estate in Wales.Today, this terrier does well in the show ring and as a companion.
Description: The Sealyham terrier, although small, is powerful.With a rectangular head and body,the Sealyham carries a beard and whiskers.He has small, brown eyes and a large, black nose.The Sealyham has folded ears that are leveled with the top of his head.His tail is docked and stands erect.He is double coated and carries a thick undercoat with a wiry outer coat, that is either all white with an off white/tan, or with brown colored markings on ears and head.
Height: 10.5 inches
Weight: 20-25 pounds
Temperament: The Sealyham terrier enjoys hunting. This is a resilient breed that is very loyal.
Activity Level:The Sealyham terrier thrives on regular exercise and having a good run.This breed is great with a terrier-familiar pet parent.
Special Needs: Positive training, fenced yard, socialization, grooming.
Health Concerns:Allergies,deafness and possibly eye problems
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Photo Credit. Wiki
Alternative Names: Mid-Asian Shepherd,Central Asian Ovtcharka.
Group: AKC, Guardian
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog most likely originated from areas between the Ural, Caspian, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China.After the Communist revolution, the Soviet government wanted working dog breeds for the Red Army, and ended up importing the best Central Asian Shepherd Dogs into Russia as military working dogs and guard dogs.Many of these dogs crossbred, and after a while the purebred Central Asian dogs could only be found with the herders, breeders and on some farms.
History: This breed is still found today in Central Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The breed is still very rare in the United States.The Central-Asian Shepherd serves as livestock guardians and protectors to their owners. They were used to protect against bears and wolves within the region.They closely resemble some of the aboriginal breeds of Livestock Guardian dogs from the region of Northern Caucasian Voldodav.
Today’s modern dog is known to be similar to the original nomadic Central Asian Shepherd Dog,nonetheless there are possibly 10 new types to this breed that are being developed in Russia.Modern Central Asian Shepherds have been bred in many different ways, depending on the demand for specific abilities.These dogs are more powerful than the Caucasian Shepherd, Kangal and Akbash.Unfortunately some of these dogs were used for fighting.The breed remains stable today, and have some great working dogs, regardless of the country that they come from.There are still dogs that are being bought for their bloodlines from the Ukraine, Belarus and other countries.
Description: A large and powerful dog that has great strength and power.These dogs are a bit longer than tall, and have a broad head, blunt muzzle and large, black nose.Tails are sometimes docked or kept long.The Central Asian Shepherd has a double coat with a thick undercoat.The outer coat is either white,black, gray, brindle, gray brown, part-colored or straw colored.They have some unique characteristics such as flexible joints, false ribs, specific head set, as well as a very large neck with massive dewlap.They have very intelligent, expressive eyes.
Weight: 90-150 pounds
Height: 23.5- 25.5 inches
Temperament: Sometimes can be dog aggressive. Friendly, intelligent, protective, affectionate and loyal.
Best Home: Rural
Special Needs: Plenty of socialization, positive training, regular exercise
Health Concerns: None
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Country of Origin:Russia
Georgia,Azerbaijan,Armenia and Northern Caucasus
Alternative Names: Caucasian Mountain Dog, Russian Kavkazskaya,Ovtcharka,Nagazi, Gampr
The Caucasian Shepherd is thought to have originated from the Tibetan dogs ,who at the time traveled with the nomads.They settled in the Caucasus mountains more than 2,000 years ago.This breed remained a pure breed until the twentieth century, when Russia began a vigorous breeding program .This program utilized the Ovcharkas as guard dogs.There are many differences among Caucasian dogs breeds depending on where they originated from.
This spectacular and sometimes aggressive breed is strong-boned and muscular with an even-temper.They are slightly longer than tall. The Caucasian Shepherd has a large, broad wedge-shaped head with high- set drop ears. Traditionally these ears have been cropped, although today many of the modern Caucasian Shepherds are unaltered.Caucasian Shepherds are very large dogs.They have short muzzles, and browny- almond colored eyes, with a nose that is black and large.The Caucasian Shepherd has a double coat with a ruff.This coat can be short, medium, or long.The coat coloring can be gray, white , cream,fawn, or tan.They can also be brindle,piebald, and white with gray patches.Most preferred show-types are the long- coated grey dogs with a few white markings.Black and black-tan dogs are most times not accepted in the show ring.
Photo Credit: Norsk Kennel Club
Height:Minimum 24.5-25.5 inches
Weight:Although there is no standard weight available, some Caucasian male Shepherds weigh in from 110 Ib to 200 Ib.
Temperament:The Caucasian Shepherd is intelligent, bold and even-tempered , yet aggressiveness does sometimes occur.Although very protective over family, it generally has a calm temperament.
Best Homes: This breed needs an experienced pet parent.The Caucasian Shepherd needs a job and socialization with positive training.
Needs:Special grooming, training and regular exercise.
Health Concerns: Hip and elbow dysplasia and cancer.Some of the bloodlines will carry a gene for rear dyspalsia.